Many parts of plants are edible, and humans have been consuming various plant parts for sustenance and culinary enjoyment for centuries. Here are some of the plant parts that are commonly eaten:
Fruits are the mature ovaries of flowering plants and often contain seeds. Common edible fruits include apples, oranges, bananas, berries, tomatoes, and cucumbers.
Leaves Fruits and vegetables worksheets.
Leaves from certain plants are commonly consumed, either raw or cooked. Examples include lettuce, spinach, kale, cabbage, and herbs like basil and mint.
Stems Fruits and vegetables worksheets.
Some plant stems are edible, especially when young and tender. Examples include asparagus stems and the stems of broccoli and cauliflower.
Edible roots are a staple in many cuisines. Examples include carrots, potatoes, sweet potatoes, radishes, and beets.
Tubers are thickened, underground stems that store nutrients. Common edible tubers include potatoes, yams, and cassava.
Bulbs are underground storage organs. Onions, garlic, and shallots are examples of bulbs that are used in cooking.
Many plant seeds are edible and are used in various ways. Examples include grains like wheat, rice, and corn, as well as seeds like sunflower seeds, sesame seeds, and flaxseeds.
Some edible flowers are used for culinary purposes, often as garnishes or in salads. Examples include nasturtiums, violets, and squash blossoms.
Nuts are hard-shelled fruits that are often consumed as snacks or used in cooking. Common edible nuts include almonds, walnuts, peanuts, and cashews.
Pulses are the edible seeds of certain leguminous plants. Examples include lentils, chickpeas, and beans (e.g., kidney beans, black beans).
Corms and Rhizomes:
Corms are swollen, underground stems, while rhizomes are horizontal, underground stems. Edible examples include taro (corm) and ginger (rhizome).
Certain young plant shoots are edible and used in culinary dishes. Bamboo shoots are a well-known example.
Edible pods are the protective coverings of seeds. Examples include green beans and snow peas.
Some plants, like sugar maples, produce edible sap that is processed into products like maple syrup.
It’s important to note that while many plant parts are edible, some may require specific preparation or cooking methods to make them safe and palatable. Additionally, the choice of edible plant parts can vary depending on cultural preferences and regional cuisines.
Do you know all of the different parts of a plant and which parts can be eaten? While there is great diversity in the structure and characteristics of species of plants, most of the plants we know and consume are made up of seeds, roots, stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits.
Garden: an area of land for the use of growing fruits, vegetables and flowers. a plant or portion of a plant used as food, typically the stem, leaves or root. Leaves: The flat, green bladelike part of a plant.
Fruits– Fruits are the most important produce of the plant which we directly consume as food. For example, apple, mango.
- Onions. Onions are popular root vegetables, serving as a staple ingredient in many cuisines. …
- Sweet Potatoes. Share on Pinterest. …
- Turnips. Turnips are a delicious root vegetable and have been cultivated for centuries. …
- Ginger. Share on Pinterest. …
- Beets. …
- Garlic. …
- Radishes. …
Tuber Fruits and vegetables worksheets.
A tuber is a thickened underground part of a stem. It has buds that can produce a new plant through vegetative propagation. A tuber contains a large amount of edible starch that can be eaten. As a result, the edible portion of the potato is the stem.
- Spinach. Spinach is rich in iron and fibre, low in fat and cholesterol. …
- Fenugreek. Fenugreek is good for the hair,