Before we delve into the conversion process, let’s clarify what present tense interrogative sentences are. These are sentences that ask questions about actions or events happening in the present. They typically start with question words like “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” or “how.” For instance:
- Interrogative: What are you doing?
- Interrogative: Are they coming to the party?
- Interrogative: When does the train leave?
- Interrogative: Why is she upset?
- Interrogative: How can I help you?
To convert present tense interrogative sentences to positive form, follow these general rules:
- Remove the Question Word: In interrogative sentences, question words like “what,” “when,” “where,” “why,” “who,” and “how” are used to ask questions. In positive sentences, these words are typically not needed and can be removed.
- Reverse the Subject and Verb: In interrogative sentences, the subject (the person or thing doing the action) often comes after the auxiliary verb (like “am,” “is,” “are,” “do,” “does,” or “did”). In positive sentences, the subject usually comes before the verb.
- Change the Verb Form: In some cases, you might need to change the verb form. For example, if the question is in the present continuous tense (e.g., “Are you eating?”), the verb “are” should be changed to match the subject (e.g., “You are eating”).
Now, let’s break down these rules with examples.
1. Removing the Question Word
Interrogative: What is your name? Positive: Your name is John.
In this example, we removed the question word “what” and rearranged the sentence into a positive statement.
2. Reversing the Subject and Verb
Interrogative: Is she coming to the party? Positive: She is coming to the party.
Here, we reversed the order of the subject “she” and the auxiliary verb “is.”
3. Changing the Verb Form
Interrogative: Are they playing football? Positive: They are playing football.
In this case, we kept the verb “are” but changed the action word “playing” to match the subject “they.”
4. When the Question Word Is Not Present
Interrogative: Do you like ice cream? Positive: You like ice cream.
In this example, there was no question word at the beginning of the interrogative sentence. We simply removed the auxiliary verb “do” and reversed the subject and main verb.
5. With “How” Questions
Interrogative: How does this work? Positive: This works like magic.
In “how” questions, the word “how” often implies an explanation, so we can provide a positive statement as the answer.
6. With “Why” Questions
Interrogative: Why are you late? Positive: You are late because of traffic.
In “why” questions, we can provide a reason in the positive statement as the answer.
Let’s explore more examples to solidify your understanding:
Where is the library?
The library is here.
Who won the game?
They won the game.
How much does it cost?
It costs $20.
Are you feeling better now?
You are feeling better now.
Did they visit the museum?
They visited the museum.
Why did she leave early?
She left early because of an emergency.
To further enhance your skills in converting interrogative sentences to positive form, here’s a practice exercise. Try converting the following interrogative sentences into positive statements:
- Interrogative: When will they arrive?
- Interrogative: Are you enjoying the movie?
- Interrogative: What did she say?
- Interrogative: How can I contact you?
- Interrogative: Why is he so upset?
Converting present tense interrogative sentences to positive form is a fundamental aspect of English grammar. By understanding the rules and practicing with examples, you can confidently transform questions into affirmative statements. This skill is valuable in everyday communication and writing, making your expressions more versatile and clear. Keep practicing, and you’ll master this skill in no time!
how to converting Present Tense interrogative sentences to positive form Learn the simple steps for converting Present Tense interrogative sentences to positive form effortlessly. Master the art of transforming questions into positive statements with our easy-to-follow guide.