Multiplying numbers by tens worksheets

Multiplying numbers by tens worksheets 

Multiplication by tens is a fundamental mathematical concept that serves as a building block for more advanced arithmetic and problem-solving skills. Proficiency in this area is crucial for students as they progress through their mathematical education. To assist educators, parents, and students in mastering multiplication by tens, we have developed a comprehensive set of worksheets. In this guide, we will delve into the significance of multiplication by tens, explain the key principles involved, and provide examples of worksheets that cater to various learning levels and styles, ensuring a well-rounded understanding of this critical mathematical skill.

2 math10. multiplying by tens 1 pdf

The Importance of Multiplication by Tens

Understanding the concept of multiplying numbers by tens is foundational for several reasons:

  1. Fundamental Arithmetic: Multiplication is one of the four fundamental arithmetic operations, and multiplication by tens is an essential subset of this skill.
  2. Real-World Applications: Multiplying by tens is encountered frequently in daily life, from calculating prices at the store to measuring ingredients in recipes, making it a practical skill.
  3. Place Value Proficiency: Multiplication by tens reinforces the concept of place value, helping students understand how the position of digits in a number affects its overall value.
  4. Mental Math Abilities: Mastery of multiplying by tens enhances students’ ability to perform mental calculations, which is a valuable skill in mathematics.

Key Concepts in Multiplying by Tens

Before delving into the worksheets, let’s recap the key concepts involved in multiplying numbers by tens:

  1. Place Value: Understanding the place value system is paramount. Each place (ones, tens, hundreds, etc.) represents a power of ten. Multiplying a number by ten shifts its digits one place to the left.
  2. Zero Placeholder: When multiplying by tens, a zero is inserted as a placeholder to denote the newly added place value. For instance, multiplying 4 by 10 results in 40.
  3. Single-Digit Multiplication: Initially, students start with multiplying single-digit numbers (1 through 9) by ten or multiples of ten.
  4. Larger Number Multiplication: As students advance, they tackle the multiplication of larger numbers by tens, applying the place value concept to each digit in the number.
  5. 4 math10. multiplying by tens 1 pdf

Multiplying by Tens Worksheets

Now, let’s explore a variety of worksheets tailored to reinforce the skill of multiplying by tens:

 Introduction to Multiplying by Tens

This worksheet is ideal for beginners and is designed to help students grasp the fundamental concept of multiplying by tens. It includes exercises such as:

  1. 5 x 10 = _____
  2. 8 x 10 = _____
  3. 2 x 10 = _____
  4. 9 x 10 = _____
  5. 0 x 10 = _____

 Multiplying Single-Digit Numbers by Tens

Building on the foundational knowledge from the previous worksheet, this one introduces the multiplication of single-digit numbers by tens. Exercises include:

  1. 3 x 10 = _____
  2. 7 x 10 = _____
  3. 4 x 10 = _____
  4. 6 x 10 = _____
  5. 1 x 10 = _____

 Multiplying Two-Digit Numbers by Tens

This worksheet is suitable for students who have mastered the basics and are ready to tackle larger numbers. It includes exercises such as:

  1. 23 x 10 = _____
  2. 48 x 10 = _____
  3. 56 x 10 = _____
  4. 72 x 10 = _____
  5. 95 x 10 = _____

 Multiplying Three-Digit Numbers by Tens

For advanced learners, this worksheet challenges students to multiply three-digit numbers by tens. It includes questions like:

  1. 345 x 10 = _____
  2. 678 x 10 = _____
  3. 421 x 10 = _____
  4. 893 x 10 = _____
  5. 706 x 10 = _____

Multiplying by Tens in Real-Life Scenarios

This worksheet applies the concept of multiplying by tens to real-life scenarios, making the learning experience practical. It includes word problems like:

  1. There are 8 packs of pencils, and each pack contains 10 pencils. How many pencils are there in total?
  2. A box contains 5 trays of chocolates. Each tray has 20 chocolates. How many chocolates are in the box?
  3. A farmer has 6 baskets, and each basket holds 50 apples. How many apples does the farmer have?
  4. 6 math10. multiplying by tens 1 pdf

Multiplying by Tens and Place Value

This worksheet encourages students to consider place value while multiplying by tens. It includes questions like:

  1. 72 x 10 = _____ (Explain how the place value of 7 and 2 changes.)
  2. 356 x 10 = _____ (Describe the impact of multiplying the hundreds, tens, and ones places by ten.)
  3. 409 x 10 = _____ (Explain the change in the number’s representation.)

 Multiplying by Tens and Mental Math

Designed to enhance mental math skills, this worksheet includes rapid-fire questions like:

  1. 6 x 10 = _____
  2. 9 x 10 = _____
  3. 7 x 10 = _____
  4. 2 x 10 = _____
  5. 5 x 10 = _____


Mastery of the skill of multiplying numbers by tens is a critical milestone in a student’s mathematical journey. It lays the groundwork for advanced mathematical concepts and promotes a deeper understanding of place value. The worksheets provided in this guide offer a versatile array of tools for educators, parents, and students to practice and reinforce this essential mathematical concept. Encourage students to work through these worksheets progressively, increasing the complexity as their skills grow. With dedicated practice and guidance, students will gain confidence in their ability to multiply by tens, paving the way for mathematical success.