# Subtraction with making hundreds strategy

## Subtraction with making hundreds strategy

Subtraction is a fundamental mathematical operation that involves finding the difference between two numbers. While simple subtractions can be performed mentally or with basic techniques, dealing with larger numbers or more complex calculations often requires more strategic approaches. One such powerful strategy is Subtraction with Making Hundreds. This method empowers individuals to break down challenging subtractions into simpler, more manageable steps by borrowing or regrouping to create hundreds. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the principles and steps of the Subtraction with Making Hundreds strategy, providing a clear understanding of how to apply it effectively.

### Understanding the Concept

At its core, Subtraction with Making Hundreds is based on the idea that it is easier to subtract multiples of 100 from numbers than it is to subtract arbitrary values. This approach simplifies the subtraction process by regrouping or borrowing from the larger number to create a multiple of 100. By doing so, we make the calculation more straightforward, as it leverages our familiarity with basic subtraction facts involving hundreds.

### Key Steps of Subtraction with Making Hundreds

1. Identify the Numbers: Begin by identifying the two numbers you need to subtract. For illustration purposes, let’s use the example of subtracting 486 from 739.
2. Align the Numbers Vertically: Write the larger number (739) above the smaller number (486) so that their corresponding place values align. This alignment ensures a systematic approach to the subtraction.
diff
```739 -486 ```
3. Start from the Right: Begin the subtraction from the rightmost digit, which is the ones place. Subtract the digit in the ones place of the smaller number (6) from the digit in the ones place of the larger number (9).
diff
```739 -486 3 ```
4. Moving to the Tens Place: If the digit in the ones place of the smaller number (6) is larger than the digit in the ones place of the larger number (9), you will need to borrow from the tens place in the larger number. In this case, borrow 1 from the tens place (7) in the larger number, making it 6, and add the borrowed 1 to the ones place (10 – 6 = 4).
diff
```739 -486 53 ```
5. Continue to the Hundreds Place: Move to the next place value to the left, which is the hundreds place. Subtract the digit in the hundreds place of the smaller number (8) from the digit in the hundreds place of the larger number (7). Here, we encounter a situation where we need to borrow to make the subtraction easier.
diff
```739 -486 253 ```
6. Borrowing from Thousands Place: To make the subtraction in the hundreds place easier, borrow 1 from the thousands place in the larger number (7). The thousands place in the larger number becomes 6, and the borrowed 1 is added to the hundreds place (10 – 8 = 2).
diff
```739 -486 1253 ```
7. Finalize the Calculation: At this point, we have subtracted all three place values (ones, tens, and hundreds). The result is 1253, which represents the difference between 739 and 48

### Why Subtraction with Making Hundreds Works

Subtraction with Making Hundreds is an effective strategy for several reasons:

1. Simplicity: By breaking down the subtraction into smaller steps involving hundreds, the process becomes more intuitive and manageable, reducing the chance of making errors.
2. Structural Understanding: This method promotes a deeper understanding of place value and subtraction principles, as it requires regrouping or borrowing from higher place values.
3. Consistency: The strategy maintains consistency with basic subtraction facts involving hundreds, which individuals often find more comfortable to work with.

### Example: Applying the Strategy

Let’s explore another example to further illustrate the Subtraction with Making Hundreds strategy. We’ll subtract 347 from 596.

1. Identify the Numbers: We have 596 as the larger number and 347 as the smaller number.
2. Align the Numbers Vertically:
diff
```596 -347 ```
3. Subtract the Ones Place:
diff
```596 -347 9 ```
4. Tackle the Tens Place:
diff
```596 -347 59 ```
5. Move to the Hundreds Place:
diff
```596 -347 249 ```
6. Final Result:

The final result is 249, which represents the difference between 596 and 347.

### Practical Applications

Subtraction with Making Hundreds is not just a classroom exercise but a practical tool that can be used in various real-life situations. Whether it’s calculating change, measuring distances, or managing finances, this strategy can simplify complex subtractions and enhance overall numeracy skills.

### Conclusion

Subtraction with Making Hundreds is a powerful strategy that transforms challenging subtractions into more accessible tasks. By breaking down the subtraction process into manageable steps and leveraging our familiarity with hundreds, this method enhances both understanding and accuracy in mathematical calculations. Whether you’re a student looking to improve your math skills or an adult seeking to make everyday calculations more efficient, mastering Subtraction with Making Hundreds can be a valuable skill in your mathematical toolkit.