Condensation is a physical process where a substance changes from its gaseous state to its liquid state. It occurs when the temperature of a gas decreases, causing its molecules to lose energy and come together to form liquid droplets.click here on free download Condensation worksheets.
Here’s an example of condensation:
Imagine you have a glass of cold water on a warm day. As the air around the glass is warmer and contains moisture (water vapor), it has a higher energy level. When this warm, moist air comes into contact with the cold surface of the glass, the temperature of the air near the glass decreases. As a result, the water vapor molecules in the air lose energy and slow down.
When these water vapor molecules slow down enough, they start to stick together and form tiny liquid water droplets on the outside of the glass. This process is called condensation. You can see the droplets forming on the glass, and if it continues, they may even run down the sides of the glass as liquid water.
In the atmosphere, when warm, moist air rises and cools at higher altitudes, water vapor condenses to form clouds. Clouds are essentially collections of tiny water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air.
On cool nights, when the temperature of the ground drops, the moisture in the air near the ground can condense on surfaces like grass, leaves, and car windshields, forming dew.
Bathroom Mirror Fogging:
When you take a hot shower, the bathroom mirror can fog up due to condensation. The warm, moist air from the shower comes into contact with the cooler mirror, causing water droplets to form on its surface.
Cold Drink Sweating:
When you take a cold drink from the refrigerator on a warm day, you may notice water droplets forming on the outside of the glass. This is because the cold glass cools the air around it, causing moisture in the air to condense on the glass surface.
These examplesCondensation worksheets illustrate how condensation is a common natural phenomenon that occurs whenever there is a temperature difference that leads to the conversion of water vapor or other gases into liquid form.