# Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference

Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference Subtraction with a constant difference can be simplified using various mental math Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference techniques or shortcuts. These methods are particularly useful for performing quick calculations in your head. Here are a few techniques to consider. Compensation/Give and Take (Constant Differences)In the problem 59 – 32, 59 is only one away from 60 and 60 would be easier to subtract from than the 59, and breaking 32 into 30 and 2 will also make mental subtraction easier, giving us the problem 60 – 30 – 2. 60 – 30 = 30, 30 – 2 = 28.

### For Example

1. Counting Up: This method involves counting up from the smaller number to the larger one by the constant difference.Example: 47 – 34Start with 34 and count up by 1 until you reach 47: 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47.

You counted 13 numbers, so the answer is 13.

2. Complement Method: Find the complement of one of the numbers to the nearest multiple of the constant difference. Then, add this complement to the other number.Example: 78 – 46The constant difference is 2. The nearest multiple of 2 less than 78 is 76. The complement of 46 with respect to 76 is 30 (76 – 46).

Now, add the complement (30) to 78: 78 + 30 = 108.

3. Splitting Method: Break down one of the numbers into parts that are easier to work with, considering the constant difference.Example: 89 – 47Recognize that 47 is 3 less than 50 (which is a multiple of 5, a convenient number to work with). So, you can rewrite this as: 89 – (50 – 3).

Now, subtract 3 from 50 to get 47, and then subtract the result from 89: 89 – (50 – 3) = 89 – 47 = 42.

4. Number Line Method: Draw a number line and plot the two numbers on it. Then, find the difference by counting the number of jumps required to reach one number from the other.Example: 65 – 38Draw a number line and plot 38 and 65 on it. Then, count the jumps:

38 – 39 – 40 – 41 – 42 – 43 – 44 – 45 – 46 – 47 – 48 – 49 – 50 – 51 – 52 – 53 – 54 – 55 – 56 – 57 – 58 – 59 – 60 – 61 – 62 – 63 – 64 – 65 (28 jumps).

5. Grouping Method: Group numbers in pairs that have the same constant difference, and then sum or subtract these groups.Example: 72 – 36Group them as (72 – 70) + (70 – 68) + … + (38 – 36): (2) + (2) + (2) + … + (2) = 36.

These methods may vary in applicability depending on the numbers involved, but practicing them can help you perform subtraction with constant differences more quickly and accurately in your head. Choose the method that you find most comfortable and efficient for the specific problem you’re working on.

## Why does Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference work?

The concept of a “constant difference” is often encountered in various mathematical and scientific contexts, particularly in arithmetic sequences, calculus, and physics. Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference  It works because it provides a simple and predictable way to describe and analyze patterns and changes in a system. Here’s a breakdown of why constant difference works:

1. Predictability: When you have a constant difference, it means that the quantity you are measuring or observing changes by the same amount at regular intervals. This predictability makes it easier to make calculations and predictions about the future behavior of the system.

### explanation with examples

Definition of Constant Difference: A sequence of numbers has a constant difference if each term is obtained by adding (or subtracting) the same fixed value to the previous term.

Example 1 – Arithmetic Sequence: One of the most common examples of Quick Subtraction Methods With Constant Difference is an arithmetic sequence. In an arithmetic sequence, each term is obtained by adding the same fixed value (known as the common difference) to the previous term.

### For Example

For example, consider the sequence: 2, 5, 8, 11, 14, …

In this sequence, the common difference is 3 because you add 3 to each term to get the next term. So, 5 – 2 = 3, 8 – 5 = 3, and so on.

The general formula for an arithmetic sequence is: ��=�1+(�−1)�

Where:

• �� is the th term of the sequence.
• �1 is the first term of the sequence.
• is the common difference.
• is the position of the term in the sequence.